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  • 14 Aug 2023

    Navigating the Conveyancing Process as a First-Time Homebuyer | A Comprehensive Guide for UK Buyers

    Navigating the complexities of property transactions can be a daunting task, especially for first-time homebuyers. From understanding legal obligations to choosing a reputable conveyancing solicitor, and ensuring a smooth process from start to finish, there are numerous factors to consider. If you follow the advice of a reputable solicitor, it doesn’t have to be a daunting task. 

    In 2022 there were over 370,000 first-time buyers. This group makes up a significant 53% of overall property sales in the UK. That is a large amount of people going through the scary process of buying property for the first time. Find out how Hegarty Solicitors conveyancing team can help you navigate this process as a first-time purchaser. 

    Understanding Conveyancing

    What is conveyancing?

    Conveyancing is the legal process that facilitates the transfer of property ownership from the seller to the buyer. It involves various legal and administrative tasks to ensure a valid and secure transaction. The importance of conveyancing in property transactions cannot be overstated as it provides legal protection for both the buyer and the seller, ensuring that the transfer of ownership is lawful and that all parties involved fulfil their obligations.

    What documents are needed when buying a property?

    When starting the process of buying your first home, you want to ensure that you are as prepared as possible. Here are some of the most common documents you’ll need:

    • Your latest P60 form from your employer
    • Your last three months’ payslips
    • Bank statements for the last three months or three years’ certified accounts if self-employed
    • Your SA302 form if you are self-employed
    • Valid proof of identity – passport, driving licence, EEA member state identity card.

    How long does the conveyancing process take?

    The length of the process can vary depending on several factors, including the complexity of the transaction, the efficiency of the parties involved, whether you’re involved in a chain and any unforeseen issues that may arise. On average, the conveyancing process takes between 8 to 12 weeks to complete, but it can be longer or shorter depending on the circumstances.

    What are the costs involved?

    The costs involved with conveyancing can vary depending on factors such as the property value, location, and the solicitor or conveyancer you choose. 

    The conveyancing solicitor's fees cover all the legal work carried out by the solicitor or licensed conveyancer. The fees can vary and may be fixed or based on a percentage of the property's value.

    You also need to consider search fees. Your solicitor will conduct various searches to uncover any potential issues affecting the property. Common searches include local authority searches, environmental searches and water and drainage searches. The cost of these searches can vary depending on the location and the specific searches required. 

    Another tax first time buyers might not be aware of is Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT). This is a tax paid on property purchases above a certain threshold. The amount of SDLT you'll need to pay depends on the property price and any applicable exemptions or reliefs. First-time buyers can claim SDLT relief if they intend to occupy the property as their main residence, depending on the price of the property being purchased. The rates can vary, so it's important to seek advice from your solicitor or tax advisor. You can also use the HMRC Online Stamp Duty Land Tax Calculator to find out how much your SDLT will be. 

    According to a sample of 46 conveyancers across the UK, the average conveyancing fees for buying a house are £2,239 and £1,690 for selling a house.  This includes the costs of the solicitor's legal fees, conveyancing disbursements and potential extra fees (includes 20% VAT) when buying and selling a house at the average UK price of £277,000. 

    Once you have a quote for conveyancing, it is important to make a note of what the quote does and does not include. Not all quotes contain the same level of information and some do not show all fees upfront. You will want to check whether the quote includes searches, ID checks, Land Registry Fees and any other applicable charges such as bank transfer and ‘acting for lender’ fees as well as SDLT charges and forms. At Hegarty we make sure our conveyancing quotes give you a clear breakdown of all fees so you know from the outset how much your conveyancing will cost.

    What are the legal obligations of the buyer, seller and conveyancer?

    In a property transaction, there are specific legal obligations and responsibilities for each party involved. 

    For the buyer, these obligations typically include:

    • Conducting due diligence: As a buyer you have the responsibility to conduct thorough research and inspections to ensure the property meets your needs and expectations. This may involve surveys, inspections, and obtaining necessary reports on issues such as structural integrity, environmental concerns and potential legal restrictions.
    • Financial responsibilities: Buyers must ensure they have the necessary funds to complete the purchase. This includes setting a budget and obtaining mortgage pre-approval.
    • Reviewing legal documents: Every buyer has the responsibility to review and understand all legal documents related to the property, including contracts, leases, and any special conditions. At Hegarty Solicitors we will fully explain all of the legal documents in a language which is easy to understand, but it is crucial to seek legal advice to ensure clarity and protection of your interests if there is anything that you, as the buyer, do not understand.

    For the seller, the legal obligations typically include:

    • Providing accurate information: Sellers must provide accurate and complete information about the property to the buyer and their solicitor. This includes disclosing any known issues, such as structural defects or legal disputes related to the property.
    • Title and ownership: Every seller has the responsibility to prove legal ownership of the property and provide all necessary documentation, including title deeds and any relevant certificates.
    • Cooperation with the conveyancing process: Sellers need to cooperate with the buyer's solicitor throughout the conveyancing process. This includes responding to queries and providing requested information in a timely manner.

    For the conveyancer or solicitor, their responsibilities encompass:

    • Managing the legal aspects: The conveyancer or solicitor plays a crucial role in overseeing the entire conveyancing process. They handle legal documentation, conduct necessary searches, and ensure compliance with legal requirements.
    • Protecting client interests: Solicitors are responsible for protecting the interests of their clients, whether they are buyers or sellers. They provide legal advice, negotiate terms, and ensure that all legal obligations are met.
    • Facilitating communication: Solicitors act as intermediaries between all parties involved, facilitating effective communication and ensuring that all necessary information is shared promptly and accurately.

    Conveyancer vs Solicitor – what do you need to know?

    When buying your home, you have the option to work with either a conveyancer or a solicitor. Both professionals are qualified to handle property transactions, but there are some differences.

    Solicitors are trained across a number of areas of law but often specialise in one particular area, such as property law, when they qualify. Solicitors may be part of a larger law firm, which can provide access to other legal services if needed and are regulated by the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA). Solicitors may be a preferred choice if your property transaction involves complex legal issues or if you anticipate needing legal advice beyond the conveyancing process. 

    A conveyancer is a specialist in the legal aspects of property sales and purchases. Conveyancers are specifically trained in handling property transactions. Conveyancers may be licensed conveyancers or legal executives who have chosen to specialise in conveyancing. They are regulated by the Council for Licensed Conveyancers (CLC) or the Chartered Institute of Legal Executives (CILEX). 

    The decision between using a conveyancer and a solicitor depends on your specific needs, the complexity of your transaction, and your personal preferences. It's important to choose a professional who is reputable, experienced, and capable of handling your conveyancing needs efficiently and professionally. At Hegarty Solicitors our team is made up of both solicitors and conveyancers who are experienced in all aspects of property law.

    Choosing a Conveyancing Lawyer

    Choosing the right conveyancing lawyer is paramount to a successful property transaction. A conveyancing lawyer specialises in property law and plays a pivotal role in guiding you through the process. 

    The conveyancer handles the legal aspects of the property transaction. Their responsibilities include conducting searches, reviewing contracts, arranging surveys, coordinating with lenders, and ensuring all legal obligations are met so that you don’t have to worry about any of those aspects.

    How to find a conveyancer?

    A good place to start is by researching conveyancing solicitors in your area. Seek recommendations from friends, family or professionals who have recently been through the process that can share their experiences with you and read online reviews to find out how other clients rate the service they received. It’s important to look for solicitors who specialise in residential conveyancing and have a good track record. Be sure to check their qualifications, experience, and any professional accreditations to ensure that they have the proper knowledge and know what they’re doing.

    Understanding fee structures and services provided

    Solicitors' fees can vary greatly, so it's important to understand the fee structure and what services are included. Some solicitors offer fixed-fee packages, while others charge hourly rates. Ensure you have a clear understanding of what's included in the fee and any additional costs you may incur, such as searches or disbursements. Be sure to check each quote you receive thoroughly, so you know what it includes (and what it doesn’t include!) so you can compare quotes accurately and aren’t caught by surprise fees after you have instructed your chosen firm.

    Benefits of working with a qualified and experienced solicitor

    Working with a qualified and experienced conveyancing solicitor provides numerous benefits. They have in-depth knowledge of property law, understand the intricacies of the conveyancing process, and can navigate potential challenges effectively. They also provide peace of mind, ensuring that the transaction is legally sound and protects your interests throughout the process. Find out more about the benefits of working with a professional solicitor. <Link>

    How to prepare for conveyancing?

    Proper preparation is essential for a smooth conveyancing process. Here are the key steps you can take as a buyer to be prepared before starting the process: 

    • Set a budget and obtain mortgage pre-approval: Determine your budget by assessing your finances and obtaining mortgage pre-approval from a lender. This will help you understand your affordability and enables you to make realistic property choices. 
    • Research the property market: Familiarise yourself with the property market in your desired area. Research property types, prices, and market trends. This will help you identify potential properties that align with your needs and budget and allow you to go into the process with some prior knowledge of the market. 
    • Making an offer and negotiating the purchase price: Once you find a property you're interested in, make an offer to the seller. In some cases, negotiation may be necessary to reach a mutually agreeable purchase price. This is where it's advisable to seek guidance from your conveyancing solicitor. They have experience in negotiations and can guide you on your expectations. 
    • Engage the services of a surveyor: Before finalising the purchase, it's crucial to engage the services of a qualified surveyor. They will conduct a thorough inspection of the property, identifying any structural issues or potential risks that may affect its value or your decision to proceed.

    The Conveyancing Process: Step-by-Step

    So how does the conveyancing process work? The conveyancing process consists of several sequential steps that lead to the successful transfer of property ownership. The process can be tedious and overwhelming, but it will all be worth it once you get the keys to your first home.

    1. Instruction: This involves appointing a conveyancing solicitor and providing the necessary information. Once you've chosen a conveyancing solicitor, instruct them to act on your behalf. Provide them with all relevant details, including your identification documents, proof of funds, and any specific instructions relating to the purchase of the property.
    2. Preliminary checks: Verifying the seller's legal ownership, title deeds, and property information. Your solicitor will conduct preliminary checks to ensure that the seller has legal ownership of the property and can transfer it to you. They will examine the title deeds, check for any outstanding mortgages or liens, and review relevant property information.
    3. Searches: Conducting various searches to uncover potential issues. Your solicitor will conduct searches to identify any potential issues that may affect the property or its value. These searches typically include local authority searches, environmental searches and water and drainage searches.
    4. Reviewing legal documents: Examining contracts, leases, and special conditions. The solicitor will carefully review the legal documents associated with the property, including the draft contract and any special conditions. They will ensure that the terms are fair and reasonable, and any potential risks or obligations are identified that you should be aware of.
    5. Raise and respond to queries: Addressing concerns or seeking clarifications from the seller's solicitor. Throughout the whole process, your solicitor may raise queries or concerns based on their review of the legal documents or search results. They will communicate with the seller's solicitor to address these queries and seek clarifications before continuing the process.
    6. Mortgage arrangements: Coordinating with the lender to secure mortgage financing. If you require a mortgage to purchase the property, your solicitor will work with your lender to arrange the necessary financing. They will coordinate the release of funds and ensure that all mortgage-related requirements and payments are met in a timely manner.
    7. Exchanging contracts: Legally binding both parties to the transaction. Once all necessary checks, searches, and negotiations are complete, and both parties are satisfied, you will proceed to exchange contracts. At this stage, the transaction becomes legally binding. A deposit is typically paid, and a completion date is agreed upon.
    8. Completion: Transferring funds, settling outstanding fees, and finalising the purchase. On the agreed completion date, your solicitor will transfer the remaining funds to the seller's solicitor. They will settle any outstanding fees and register the property in your name.
    9. Post-completion: Registering the property with the Land Registry and settling any outstanding obligations. After completion, your solicitor will ensure that the property is registered with the Land Registry under your name.

    Potential Challenges and Tips for First-Time Homebuyers

    While conveyancing aims to facilitate a smooth transaction, challenges and unexpected pitfalls can still arise.

    • Delays, unforeseen issues with the property, or difficulties in obtaining financing are some challenges that can occur. It's important to maintain open communication with your solicitor, be prepared for unexpected hurdles, and stay proactive throughout the process.
    • Dealing with gazumping or gazundering situations. Gazumping occurs when a seller accepts a higher offer from another buyer after agreeing to sell to you, while gazundering is when the buyer reduces their offer just before the exchange of contracts. To reduce these risks, you should consider obtaining a mortgage agreement in principle, move swiftly, and maintain a good relationship with the seller.
    • To mitigate risks and ensure a smooth process it’s vital to conduct thorough inspections, review legal documents carefully, and ensure that all necessary searches are conducted. As a buyer you should make it your priority to engage with reputable professionals, such as surveyors and solicitors, and address any concerns promptly to minimise risks for yourself.
    • Clear and consistent communication with your solicitor is crucial to avoid a drawn out and complicated process. Keep them informed of any changes or concerns, promptly respond to their queries, and seek clarification when needed. Effective communication helps streamline the conveyancing process and ensures a smoother experience.

    Are there any additional considerations?

    In addition to the core conveyancing process, there are several additional considerations for property buyers to be aware of: 

    • Stamp Duty Land Tax: Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) is a tax paid on properties above a certain value. Familiarise yourself with the current SDLT rates, exemptions for first-time buyers, and any recent changes in legislation to ensure that you understand your tax obligations and exemptions. 
    • Government incentives for first-time buyers: The government offers various schemes and incentives to assist first-time buyers in purchasing a property. Research and explore options such as shared ownership or government-backed mortgage schemes to determine if you are eligible and how they can benefit you during your first time home purchase. 
    • Considerations for leasehold properties or shared ownership arrangements: If you are buying a leasehold property or entering a shared ownership arrangement, there are additional legal considerations. Make the effort to understand the terms of the lease or shared ownership agreement, associated costs, and any restrictions or obligations that come with them. 
    • Property insurance and other post-purchase considerations: It is essential to arrange suitable property insurance to protect your investment. Additionally, plan for ongoing costs such as maintenance and potential future renovations that you might want to undertake. 


    By understanding the conveyancing process, choosing a reputable solicitor and preparing adequately, you can navigate the property transaction journey with confidence. It’s an overwhelming process whether you do it for the first time or the hundredth time, but having an experienced and trusted solicitor by your side is key to a smooth and legally sound transaction. Contact the legal experts at Hegarty to discuss your conveyancing requirements.

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